Biodiversity is what we use to explain the different varieties of life on earth. The importance of biodiversity is stemmed from the maintenance of life on earth and the longevity of the human race as well. It is not possible to live without other organisms.
Biodiversity is not only about two to three different types of species. It explains the interrelation of all the biological organizations and structures. Each with its own unique functions has various significance. Even the smallest change in biodiversity has great implications since it means there is a change in genes, species, ecosystems, and so on.
Biodiversity in marine life refers to the life that exists in the ocean and sea. The aquatic ecosystem is heavily related to how full and rich is the biodiversity in the ocean and various seas.
The biodiversity of marine life is divided into four different components that are species diversity, genetic diversity, ecosystem diversity, and finally, functional diversity. Imagine the loss of one habitat on the entire marine ecosystem. It is a loss to the overall biodiversity of the coastal area and is subsequently a loss of service that is provided by the ecosystem.
mArine biodiversity is so important because our lives and global health are indirectly and directly related to it. Any changes that occur in biodiversity are a change that occurs to our climate and environment. This means the food we eat, the resources we get, the natural disasters, and even waste management. Diseases across the globe are also related to the loss of ecosystems around the world since we need them to co-exist.
Marine Biodiversity Provides Food
With a loss in marine biodiversity, it is a loss of food, resources, and many other provisions that thousands of other organisms need, including humans. Humans depend on marine ecosystems. When there is an exploitation of an ecosystem it not only affects just one species but many others who use that species as food and other services. Within the last few years, unsustainable fishing practices and harvesting have led to occurrences of extinction and endangered species in marine life.
It is important to remember, this reduces the power of the marine ecosystem to maintain the environment and keep the state of homeostasis by recovering from any disturbances. Overfishing and over-harvesting will lead to their incapacity to recover.
Climate change is often seen in the effects of rising seawater levels, increase in natural disasters, rising floods, temperatures rising, ice glaciers melting, loss of habitat and food resources and the list goes on. What used to be alive and well, is now in danger as a result of climate change.
Countries such as The Maldives are in great danger because of the rising lea levels. However, marine biodiversity has the power to counteract climate changes. The ocean is a natural carbon sink while aquatic species do the job of regulating the number of greenhouses in the atmosphere. Without them, we would simply cease to exist as a result of the number of greenhouse gases.
Marine solution Malaysia and other maritime technologies play a major role in the homeostasis of the ocean. It is important that we are aware of how important marine life is to the entire population around the world.